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All you need to know about Hemophilia

A game of Genes and not a Taboo!

If the cell is the basic unit of life, then DNA and genes would become the basic unit of a cell. Well, DNA is made up of genes. What are genes?
In layman terms, genes are the codes that will make your life. Right from your height, weight, colour, and development, it’s all about your genes. You are defined as a race or community by your genes. Each one of you will have unique gene codes. Thus, making you unique in your own way. The game of genes sometimes may end up in issues like Hemophilia.

Mother’s Worry

When you are nurturing a life inside you, waves of thoughts would pass by you. These thoughts are mostly around your little one. The constant worry is something natural as you want your little one to be safe and sound. Amidst of so many gene level activities that are taking place, chances of errors are always there. One such error can lead to a condition called haemophilia.

Hemophilia

Haemophilia is a genetic disorder that happens due to an error in the X chromosome. The genetic disorder is characterized by the inability to form blood clots upon an injury. Blood clotting is an essential lifesaving process. This results in profuse bleeding upon an injury, susceptible to bruises and joint bleeding. The bleeding can also happen in the brain which can lead to severe consequences.
There are two types of haemophilia conditions:
•    Hemophilia A: This happens due to the lack of clotting factor VIII.
•    Hemophilia B: This happens due to the lack of clotting factor IX.
Type A affects 1 in 5,000-10,000 individuals, while Hemophilia B will affect 1 in 40,000 individuals.

Symptoms of Hemophilia

Typical symptoms of a hemophilic individual would be:
•    Prolonged bleeding from an injury.
•    Longer healing time of smaller injuries.
•    Bruised joints.
•    The slight injury causes profuse bleeding.
•    Joint pain and internal muscle bleeding.

Diagnosing Hemophilia

You can rule out if your baby will be hemophilic or not right from the womb. The test can be taken when your little one is between 9-11 weeks. The percentage count of the clotting factors present can determine the severity of the condition. It is classified as:
•    Severe if clotting factor present is less than 1% in the sample.
•    Moderate if clotting factor present is between 1-5% in the sample.
•    Mild if clotting factor present is between 5-30% in the sample.
Anything above 30% might be ok and need not result in the hemophilic condition.

Treatment

As already known, haemophilia is a genetic level disorder. Thus, would need special medications that can act right at your loved one’s gene level. Upon diagnosis and determination of the severity of the condition, the following treatments can start to heal your loved one.
•    Administering artificial blood clotting factors that will help during any injury.
•    Recombinant DNA technology can inject exact biomolecules that resemble the clotting factors.
•    Gene therapy can enable your little one to develop clotting factors within the body.
All the above treatments in synergy can help treat haemophilia in your little one.

Hemophilia is not a Taboo

This is a condition that cannot be helped or prevented. Haemophilia is not a taboo and can be treated. Early detection of the symptoms will help get faster treatment. You need to be strong to help your little one with the condition. Falling weak is not an option and never blame yourself for this!
You must rise above the surrounding superstitious beliefs and understand the real science behind. The treatment and recovery will fall into place automatically.

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Written by Yaamini

I am a postgraduate in biochemistry ad well as an MBA in project management. I have around 7 yrs of experience in the corporate sector of life sciences division. Additionally I am a freelance writer having 5 yrs of experience and have written on niches like health, travel, parenting, lifestyle, fashion, and child development. I have written for websites like style craze, style enrich, first cry, trip shelf, and pan India.

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